voices beyond the (current) margins


There is a cacophony of calls for inclusion of voices from the margins in the production of research texts (e.g. Kumashiro, 2002; Lather, 2001, 2006; Tuhiwai Smith, 1999). Few, however, include the more-than-human (Abram, 1996) in this call (for some exceptions, see Fawcett, 2000; Haraway, 2004a, 2004b; Plumwood, 2002; Russell, 2005).


Even fewer show how one might do this...perhaps because those who engage in cross-border conversations are often conceived of as not rational (Plumwood, 2002; Findlay, 2000; Young & Goulet, 1994; Williams, 2005).


Furthermore, the conversations are difficult to record and prove (in the context of most accepted Western research methods) (see Harpinges, 2007; Jensen, 2004).